572B tube preconditioning
Tests here have shown very little difference, if any difference, between running 572B's for several hours before full-voltage operation and the initial voltage breakdown. The few tubes that seem to recover from prolonged filament operation quickly revert back to original behavior after being cold for a few hours.
Testing tubes requires a high voltage current limited source. I have a 0-15 kV variable voltage supply that limits at about 1 mA. Tube withstanding 10,000 volts without arcing or showing heavy plasma are good to RF test.
I've successfully recovered tubes with a faint violet to purple glow, but not red or orange glowing ceramic.
I separate 572B tubes by voltage breakdown and color of gas plasma. Tubes over 10kV breakdown without glowing ceramic or heavy plasma can be considered good.
Tubes with 8kV breakdown that have heavy violet or purple glow originating in streamers from sharp metal points can often be aged in.
Aging or Degassing Tubes
The AL80B and AL572 amplifiers have a way to age tubes in with low risk. To age questionable tubes in, change the HV to the lower voltage tap:
Red/green connects to the diodes
This reduces HV is reduced to safe voltages for aging tubes.
After swapping leads, HV should be about 50% of normal. To age tubes, run approximately half of rated dissipation for one hour. Run the plate out-of-resonance, and use just enough drive power to obtain 200 mA with the AL572 and AL80B.